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The Difference Between Cannabinoids and Terpenes

As cannabis continues to experience a global push toward legalization, individuals around the world are learning to enjoy the benefits of marijuana. Brimming with cannabinoids and terpenes, the cannabis plant can provide a unique and varied experience depending on the genetic makeup of the plant.

Cannabis has been used in some way, shape, or form for the better part of the last 10,000 years. With a more advanced and comprehensive understanding of the plant than ever before, we can take a closer look at what makes marijuana so remarkable.

In today’s conversation, we are going to discuss the differences between cannabinoids and terpenes as well as their individual effects.

A Closer Look At Cannabis

Cannabis is a genus within the flowering plant family known as cannabaceae. Broadly speaking, there are three different species recognized within this umbrella: cannabis sativa, cannabis indica, and cannabis ruderalis.

Our Endocannabinoid System (ECS) responds to endocannabinoid found within cannabis plants. Researched since the early 1990s, focusing largely on THC, the endocannabinoid system is still not fully understood. What experts have figured out thus far is that the endocannabinoid system dramatically and directly impacts our health by regulating bodily functions and processes.

Included in its list of jobs and tasks, our ECS can impact:

  • Mood
  • Pain
  • Memory
  • Appetite

Researchers delving into the world of the endocannabinoid system have argued that the ECS serves as a pathway between our body and our mind, between consciousness and reality. As this field continues to experience meteoric growth, expect continued advancements with more clarified outcomes.

What Are Cannabinoids?

Cannabinoids are classified as naturally occurring compounds located within the cannabis sativaAt the time of this writing, there are more than 480 known compounds present within the cannabis plant, of which only 66 are considered cannabinoids.

What Does a Cannabinoid Do? — Well, that’s the question, isn’t it? Cannabinoids are separated into a number of different subclasses, though they all play a role within our endocannabinoid system. The most famous cannabinoid is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, also known as the main psychoactive ingredient found within cannabis.

Other Common Cannabinoids

  • Tetrahydrocannabinol Acid (THCA)
  • Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)
  • Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV)
  • Cannabinol (CBN)
  • Cannabidiol (CBD)
  • Cannabigerol (CBG)
  • Cannabichromene (CBC)
  • Cannabidivarin (CBDV)

While the prior cannabinoids may all sound similar in pronunciation, they offer different effects to each individual user. The high of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) will be a different experience than the impact of cannabidiol (CBD).

In either situation, cannabinoids will seek to exert an influence over the consumer by targeting receptors present upon the surface of cells. These receptors can be traced throughout our nervous system with a primary focus on CB1 and CB2 receptors.

What Are Terpenes?

When discussing terpenes we find that most people are more familiar with them than they might realize. Simply the aromatic compounds intrinsic to our favorite plants and herbs, terpenes provide us with the delightful feelings that we know and love. When we smell the citrus from an orange, that’s a terpene at work. When we become relaxed by the scent of lavender, that is another terpene at work!

More than just the natural fragrance that we interface with in life, terpenes are purported to provide a vast range of health benefits. With continued research into cannabis, terpenes, and cannabinoids, we truly are on the precipice of something truly special in the world of health and wellness.

As terpenes continue to gain more understanding and ground within the public consciousness, companies like True Extracts are increasingly going to come into the fold. True Extracts designs and manufacturers isolated terpenes for the direct benefits of their customers.

Isolated terpenes are often used to create our favorite scented perfumes, foods, and body products. Terpenes are also used in a therapeutic form via essential oils, aromatherapy, and the entourage effect that comes from smoking cannabis and consuming terpenes.

Most Popular Designer Terpenes

  • Myrcene — Also found within mangoes, myrcene is known for being one of the most common terpenes in cannabis plants. Comprising upwards of 65% of a plant’s terpene profile, myrcene is revered for its relaxing and restorative anti-inflammatory properties. High levels of myrcene can signal an indica plant.
  • Limonene — Notable around the world for its citrusy common scent, limonene provides an antiviral, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory boost while moderating immune cell behavior.
  • Pinene — Most abundantly found within pine trees, the pinene terpene has a distinctive smell similar to rosemary, parsley, or pine. You’ll find pinene in strains like SC-Slimer or Strawberry Cough.
  • Linalool — Linalool is a beloved terpene most abundantly associated with the lavender plant. Used commonly in aromatherapy, linalool tends to calm individuals down. Linalool has been extensively studied and appears to act not just on the mind, but on the body as well. Linalool is ideal as an anti-depressant and an anti-anxiety terpene. Some common strains with Linalool include Master Kush and Amnesia Haze.
  • Caryophyllene — If you’ve ever consumed strains like Skywalker OG, you’ve likely encountered the caryophyllene terpene. Known for its distinct woody/peppery smell, this terpene can be found in household items such as black pepper or cinnamon. Great for treating inflammation and depression, caryophyllene also helps with anxiety.
  • Humulene — While many terpenes are said to instigate hunger, the humulene terpene does the opposite. Typically found in natural sources like basil and hops, humulene is an antibacterial and anti-inflammatory terpene most commonly associated with strains like Sour Diesel and Girl Scout Cookies.

While we have touched upon the most commonly sought after terpenes, there are many more out there to discover. Terpenes can work together to create an entourage effect that provides a unique, varied, and beneficial experience depending on the user.

Find Designer Terpenes From the Team at True Extracts

True Extracts Terpenes was founded after more than a dozen years working as a grower and extractor for a local dispensary. With perfected proprietary methods, True Extracts was licensed by the state of Arizona in 2017 to sell more than 200 winning designer strains crafted with the highest levels of potency and accuracy.

Start shopping today to enjoy free shipping on all orders over $100 at True Extracts Terpenes!